Erros comuns em inglês de alunos brasileiros + 100 exercícios + gabarito

É absolutamente normal alunos traduzirem diretamente do seu idioma para o inglês. Isso acontece não somente no Brasil, mas em todos os países onde se aprende inglês. No caso de alunos brasileiros, é possível identificar alguns desses “portuguesismos”:

Nós estávamos sem carro.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: They were without a car.
O correto é: They didn´t have a car.

Eu estava com frio.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I was with cold.
O correto é: I was cold.

Eu fiquei esperando por ela durante uma hora.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I stayed waiting for her for an hour.
O correto é: I waited for her an hour.

Eu fiquei muito feliz.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I stayed very happy.
O correto é: I was very happy.

Não tenho condições de tirar férias.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I don´t have conditions to take a holiday.
O correto é: I can´t take a holiday at the moment.

Faz muito tempo que ele não escreve para ela.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: There is a long time that he didn´t write to her.
O correto é: It has been a long time since he wrote to her.

O que eu fiz?
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: What I did?
O correto é: What did I do?

Eu gosto muito dos poemas dele.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I love a lot his poems.
O correto é: I love his poems so much.

Repete, por favor?
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: Repeat, please?
O correto é: Could you repeat that?

Eu não tenho dinheiro.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: I don´t have money.
O correto é: I have no money.

Você não tem um bom inglês.
O que os estudantes brasileiros costumam dizer: You don´t have a good English.
O correto é: Your English is not very good.

Outros erros comuns são o uso do there is/are vs. have, preposições, o uso do artigo the, pontuação, make vs. do e colocaçãoes.

Há 100 questões abaixo. Tente fazer os exercícios e depois compare suas respostas com o gabarito. Algumas correções são muito simples, um apóstrofre faltando por exemplo, outras um pouco mais difíceis:

Is it write right?                              ___/100

There at least one mistake in each sentence. Correct it! Otherwise, fill in the gaps.

1. Yuppies like to consume. They don’t are satisfied with what they have.

____________________________________________________________________________

2. My mother tells it is not polite to put ones elbows on the table during meals.

____________________________________________________________________________

 3. My mother said me to take my elbows off the table.

____________________________________________________________________________

4. I think good manners are as important today that they were in the past.

____________________________________________________________________________

5. I don’t know nobody who offers his or her seat to an older person.

____________________________________________________________________________

6. It’s hard to know how polite I should be. For some people I am many  polite.

______________________________________________________________________________________

7. For others I am not enough polite.

______________________________________________________________________________________

8. I have an European friend who thinks that we are much less polite here than in his country.

______________________________________________________________________________________

9. Many years ago, before I borned, people were extremely polite.

______________________________________________________________________________________

10. I sat at the table during one hour and didn’t say a word.

______________________________________________________________________________________    .

11. I wanted to meet people, but anybody introduced me to the guests at the party!

______________________________________________________________________________________

12. I consider me polite, but I’m not too obsessive about it.

______________________________________________________________________________________

13. I am not happy when I am having a conversation with someone and that person doesn’t listen ____me.

14. I make my best to be polite, but sometimes I am too impatient or I am in a hurry.

______________________________________________________________________________________

15. I work like a salesperson in a shoe store, and I am always extremely polite.

______________________________________________________________________________________

16. He knows exactly where it’s but refuses to tell me.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

17. There are many ways to solve problems, like to talk about them.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

18. Although we like ourselves very much, we can’t be together all the time. I, for one, enjoy being alone from time to time.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

19. College dances are not very fun. I rarely have a good time.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

20. It’s impossible to don’t cough when you have a bad cold.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

21. Some customers were aggressive. I couldn’t understand why were they like that.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

22. I love my girlfriend and I want that she loves me, but she must understand that we all need time alone.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

23. I spend a lot of time to wait for people. I hate that.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

24. Here are the three things who bother me the most.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

25. I hate electronics stores. They have so aggressive salespeople.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

26. I work like a receptionist in a beauty parlor.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

27. It’s not economicly feasible.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

28. I think people should mind one’s own business. Why should they care what I do?

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

29. I hate correcting mistakes in my compositions but I know it’s a good exercise. It learn us how to avoid similar mistakes in the future.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

30. Although he makes his best, my father is never satisfied. He expects too much from his male children.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 

31. In this composition I’m gonna discuss the problem of modern relationships.

______________________________________________________________________________________

32. I am agree with the author of this article.

______________________________________________________________________________________

33. It is important to find someone with the same interests than you.

______________________________________________________________________________________

34. I think it is possible to find the true love, but you must be patient.

______________________________________________________________________________________

35. I don’t know what love mean.

______________________________________________________________________________________

36. Not very long ago people had a lot of respect for the institution of marriage, but actually people have very little respect for it.

______________________________________________________________________________________

37. When both partners have common goal,love lasts.

______________________________________________________________________________________

38. It’s difficult to find the good person, someone who has similar interests and goals.

______________________________________________________________________________________

39. Nowadays youngs men and women are very independent.

______________________________________________________________________________________

40. I love my girlfriend but she don’t love me.

______________________________________________________________________________________

41. I love my girlfriend but we don’t have a good relation.

______________________________________________________________________________________

42. My boyfriend believes in sexual freedom. I disagree about this idea. There are always problems.

______________________________________________________________________________________

43. I don’t know what is love.

______________________________________________________________________________________

 44. Nowadays so much people get divorced as soon as there are problems in the relationship.

______________________________________________________________________________________

45. The respect is very important in a relationship. I must earn the respect of my boyfriend.

______________________________________________________________________________________

46. Everybody want to find the perfect love, but it is a vain dream.

______________________________________________________________________________________

47. She doesnt realize that she must earn his love and respect.

______________________________________________________________________________________

48. Love does not come to you. You must search ____ it.

49. At the moment I go out with a really nice guy.

______________________________________________________________________________________

50. They are the perfect couple. They love themselves very much.

 _____________________________________________________________________________________

51. Many students have to work because the school is very expensive.

______________________________________________________________________________________

52. I don’t know how can she work and study at the same time.

______________________________________________________________________________________

53. I’m a student and I also work part time. _____ is not easy.

54. She works thirty five hours by week.

______________________________________________________________________________________

55. I have no time for prepare for my exams.

______________________________________________________________________________________

56. I don’t eat good on the weekend. I have no time to cook.

______________________________________________________________________________________

57. When I will finish college I will have work experience.

______________________________________________________________________________________

58. My friend Mark doesn’t have to work. He is lucky. Her family is rich.

______________________________________________________________________________________

59. When I was in high school I wanted to worked so I could have money to spend.

______________________________________________________________________________________

60. My friend is failing all her courses because she don’t have time to study.

______________________________________________________________________________________

61. Without money you can’t do nothing.

______________________________________________________________________________________

62. I am never free in the weekend.

______________________________________________________________________________________

63. I don’t know why does she work so much.

______________________________________________________________________________________

64. Many students work to pay for your apartment and books.

______________________________________________________________________________________

65. I had a part-time job when I was in high school but I didn’t made much money.

______________________________________________________________________________________

66. Nobody study more than my friend Linda, but she still fails many of her courses.

______________________________________________________________________________________

67. They dont even have time to see their friends.

______________________________________________________________________________________

68. It is very difficult to be concentrate when you are tired

______________________________________________________________________________________

69. We are only half way through the session but I know that I fail two courses because I have no time to study.

______________________________________________________________________________________

70. I always succeed all of my courses.

______________________________________________________________________________________

71. They could not come to the party because they were without a car.

______________________________________________________________________________________

72. I was with cold.

______________________________________________________________________________________

73. I stayed waiting for her for an hour.

______________________________________________________________________________________

74. I stayed very happy with the solution.

______________________________________________________________________________________

75. I don´t have conditions to take a holiday.

______________________________________________________________________________________

 76. There is a long time that he didn´t write to her.

______________________________________________________________________________________

77. I love a lot his poems.

______________________________________________________________________________________

78. Repeat, please?

______________________________________________________________________________________

79. I don´t have money.

______________________________________________________________________________________

80. You don´t have a good English.

______________________________________________________________________________________

 81. He explained me this.

______________________________________________________________________________________

82. I didn’t understood this lesson good.

______________________________________________________________________________________

83. Did you were to England last year?

______________________________________________________________________________________

84. I eat Japanese food for lunch yesterday.

______________________________________________________________________________________

85. I will borrow you $100.

______________________________________________________________________________________

86. He’s hobbies are listening to music and fishing.

______________________________________________________________________________________

87. Two of my sister are students.

______________________________________________________________________________________

88. She don’t like taking a trip with her family.

______________________________________________________________________________________

89. My father name is John Kelly.

______________________________________________________________________________________

90. Please borrow me your car.

______________________________________________________________________________________

91. At the second floor of my house is my bedroom.

______________________________________________________________________________________

92. I want to visitEurope, but I don’t decided when to go.

______________________________________________________________________________________

93. When did you born?

______________________________________________________________________________________

94. Mark made a good job! I’m sure he made his best.

______________________________________________________________________________________

95. All the children heard to the teacher carefully, except Tom who had listening problems.

______________________________________________________________________________________

96. I didn´t know the meaning of that word so I looked it on the dictionary.

______________________________________________________________________________________

97. It was the first comet to can be seen in the night for over 50 years.

______________________________________________________________________________________

98. You must take a care when you go upstairs because some steps are uneven.

______________________________________________________________________________________

99. They spent a long time discussing about the results of the election.

______________________________________________________________________________________

100. The importance of revision which is stressed by teachers, who test you regularly on what you do.

______________________________________________________________________________________

Gabarito:

1. Yuppies like to consume. They are not satisfied with what they have.

2. My mother says it is not polite to put ones elbows on the table during meals.

 3. My mother told me to take my elbows off the table.

4. I think good manners are as important today as they were in the past.

5. I don’t know anobody who offers his or her seat to an older person.

6. It’s hard to know how polite I should be. For some people I am very polite.

7. For others I am not polite enough.

8. I have a European friend who thinks that we are much less polite here than in his country.

9. Many years ago, before I was born, people were extremely polite.

10. I sat at the table for one hour and didn’t say a word.

11. I wanted to meet people, but nobody introduced me to the guests at the party!

12. I consider myself polite, but I’m not too obsessive about it.

13. I am not happy when I am having a conversation with someone and that person doesn’t listen to me.

14. I do my best to be polite, but sometimes I am too impatient or I am in a hurry.

15. I work as a salesperson in a shoe store, and I am always extremely polite.

16. He knows exactly where it is but refuses to tell me.

17. There are many ways to solve problems, like talking about them.

18. Although we like each other very much, we can’t be together all the time. I, for one, enjoy being alone from time to time.

19. College dances are not so fun. I rarely have a good time.

20. It’s impossible not to  cough when you have a bad cold.

21. Some customers were aggressive. I couldn’t understand why they were like that.

22. I love my girlfriend and I want her to love me, but she must understand that we all need time alone.

23. I spend a lot of time waiting for people. I hate that.

24. Here are the three things that bother me the most.

25. I hate electronics stores. They have such aggressive salespeople.

26. I work as a receptionist in a beauty parlor.

27. It’s not economically feasible.

28. I think people should mind their own business. Why should they care what I do?

29. I hate correcting mistakes in my compositions but I know it’s a good exercise. It teaches us how to avoid similar mistakes in the future.

30. Although he does his best, my father is never satisfied. He expects too much from his male children.

31. In this composition I’m going to discuss the problem of modern relationships.

32. I agree with the author of this article.

33. It is important to find someone with the same interests as you.

34. I think it is possible to find true love, but you must be patient.

35. I don’t know what love means.

36. Not very long ago people had a lot of respect for the institution of marriage, but nowadays people have very little respect for it.

37. When both partners have a common goal (ou common goals), love lasts.

38. It’s difficult to find the ideal person, someone who has similar interests and goals.

39. Nowadays young men and women are very independent.

40. I love my girlfriend but she doesn’t love me.

41. I love my girlfriend but we don’t have a good relationship.

42. My boyfriend believes in sexual freedom. I disagree with this idea. There are always problems.

43. I don’t know what love is.

 44. Nowadays so many people get divorced as soon as there are problems in the relationship.

45. Respect is very important in a relationship. I must earn the respect of my boyfriend.

46. Everybody wants to find the perfect love, but it is a vain dream.

47. She doesn’t realize that she must earn his love and respect.

48. Love does not come to you. You must search for it.

49. At the moment I am going out with a really nice guy.

50. They are the perfect couple. They love each other very much.

51. Many students have to work because school is very expensive.

52. I don’t know how she can work and study at the same time.

53. I’m a student and I also work part time. It/Life is not easy.

54. She works thirty five hours per week.

55. I have no time to prepare for my exams.

56. I don’t eat well on the weekend. I have no time to cook.

57. When I finish college I will have work experience.

58. My friend Mark doesn’t have to work. He is lucky. His family is rich.

59. When I was in high school I wanted to work so I could have money to spend.

60. My friend is failing all her courses because she doesn’t have time to study.

61. Without money you can’t do anything.

62. I am never free on the weekend.

63. I don’t know why she works so much.

64. Many students work to pay for their apartment and books.

65. I had a part-time job when I was in high school but I didn’t make much money.

66. Nobody studies more than my friend Linda, but she still fails many of her courses.

67. They don’t even have time to see their friends.

68. It is very difficult to concentrate when you are tired.

69. We are only half way through the session but I know that I am going fail two courses because I have no time to study.

70. I always pass all of my courses.

71. They could not come to the party because they didn’t have a car.

72. I was cold.

73. I waited for her for an hour.

74. I was very happy with the solution.

75. I can’t take a holiday at the moment.

 76. It has been a long time that he doesn’t write to her.

77. I love his poems so much.

78. Could you repeat that?

79. I have no money.

80. Your English is not very good.

 81. He explained it to me.

82. I didn’t understand well this lesson.

83. Were you in England last year?

84. I ate Japanese food for lunch yesterday.

85. I will lend you $100.

86. His hobbies are listening to music and fishing.

87. Two of my sisters are students.

88. She doesn’t like taking a trip with her family.

89. My father’s name is John Kelly.

90. Please lend me your car.

91. My bedroom in on the second floor of my house.

92. I want to visit Europe, but I haven’t decided when to go.

93. When were you born?

94. Mark did a good job! I’m sure he did his best.

95. All the children listened to the teacher carefully, except Tom who had hearing problems.

96. I didn´t know the meaning of that word so I looked it up the dictionary.

97. It was the first comet to be seen in the night for over 50 years.

98. You must take care when you go upstairs because some steps are uneven.

99. They spent a long time discussing the results of the election.

100. The importance of revision is stressed by teachers, who test you regularly on what you do.

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